Tough Love Intervention
Tough love interventions are mostly for parents who are trying to get through to their addicted children. This approach first appeared in the 1980s. The gist of this tactic is to stand firm on having your daughters or sons enroll in a treatment program. If the children refused to comply, they would face harsh consequences, which is where the “tough love” comes from.
This type of intervention establishes who is in control of the household. The intervention specialist will first meet with parents and siblings to determine:
- How the addict’s behavior has affected the family, as well as themselves
- Whether any negative consequences were caused by the addiction
- The extent of which the family is willing to go through to get the addict to get treatment
- The best approach for the family to confront the addict, and the type of language to use
Next, the intervention specialist hosts a surprise meeting with the addict. The family confronts the addict for his or her behavior.
Parents outline what the potential consequences are for not getting sober. The consequences can be mild or severe. It depends on what the family is comfortable with.
Some common consequences that many families choose to use include:
- Having the addict leave the family home
- Refusing to provide legal help or bail money
- Stopping any type and form of financial assistance
This approach can also be taken with drug and alcohol users who are not addicted yet. Parents who use this approach are able to prevent their kids from becoming addicts. Studies show that parents who don’t use this tactic are 30% more likely to have children that grow up and become alcoholics.
Johnson Model of Intervention
Another popular intervention method is the Johnson Model of Intervention. This is by far one of the most effective approaches. This confrontational approach focuses on several aspects, like:
- Educating the caregivers, which include spouses and parents
- Teaching family and friends how to confront the addict
- Teaching family and friends how to encourage the addict to seek treatment
The Johnson Model of Intervention focuses on providing a caring environment. Instead of ganging up on the addict, family members and friends are to write letters. The letters should outline their affection for the addict.
The letters should also list consequences for not getting sober. For example, a husband may decide to abstain from financial supporting his wife if she continues with her addiction. A father may decide to refuse legal and financial help to his daughters.
The letters are meant to come across as caring and loving. That’s because most addicts already have their defenses up. A loving and caring approach will be more likely to change the addict’s mind.
7 Components of a Johnson Model of Intervention
The Johnson Model of Intervention can be broken down into seven components. When using this intervention method on women in your life, make sure that the approach involves:
- Having a team of people to confront the addict. The team may consist of friends, family members and even colleagues.
- Planning out an effective approach that will get the message across.
- Focusing on care. The addict should not be condemned. Instead, family members and friends should speak up about their affections. They should voice their concerns on how the addition is affecting the addict’s life.
- Focusing on addiction only. This is not a time to discuss other issues.
- Providing strong evidence in the letters and conversations. Describe past events in detail.
- Encouraging and asking the addict to seek treatment. This should be presented as an improvement in her way of life.
- Exploring various drug and alcohol rehab treatment options together.
The Johnson Model of Intervention is meant to come across as loving and caring. It should not attack addicted women at all.
How to Write an Intervention Letter
An intervention letter can be very effective. It gives you time to collect and organize your thoughts, so that it is more understandable. You can also watch the language that you use, so you don’t offend the addict. It’s important that you don’t use language that attacks the addict.
Speak from the heart, and keep your letters short and sweet. It’s important to emphasize that addiction is a disease that needs to be treated.
When describing how addiction has affected the addict’s life, describe the events in detail. The key is to have evidence that supports your claims. It’s important to be more factual than anything. You want to avoid being overly emotional. You also want to avoid using any language that may convey blame or judgment.
ARISE intervention is a popular alternative to the Johnson Model of Intervention. While similar in many ways, this tactic is less confrontational. It tends to evoke fewer negative emotions.
This substance abuse intervention approach focuses more outpatient treatment programs. It’s a less intense approach model. The approach maximizes the amount of successful engagement that loved ones may have with an addict when there’s a minimum amount of professional effort and time. The approach not only focuses on the user, but also the entire family. It advertises addiction treatment as something that is beneficial to the entire family.
The ARISE intervention method is quite effective. A study found that 83% of patients sought treatment after an ARISE intervention.
One of the more unique and defining features is that ARISE meetings are planned ahead of time. Addicts aren’t surprised with meetings, and the intervention usually takes several meetings.
This intervention tactic also takes the time to educate family and friends to the dangers of addictions. The approach explains in detail why treatment is necessary.
Intervention specialists also take time to help family members and friends understand the addiction. This includes how it feels like to be addicted to a substance, among many other factors.